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The history of industrial revolutions of the world (Part 2)

The second industrial revolution

The second industrial revolution began in the late 19th century and lasted until the early 20th century. One of the remarkable features in the great industry is the mass production line – the principle of application of FWTaylor management (proposed in 1909, put into practice in 1913 – pioneer Ford).

Scientists have made great inventions on new production tools: computers, automatic machines and automatic machine systems, robots, automatic control systems. The inventors of this period also researched and created new materials such as polymers with high strength and heat resistance, widely used in life, and in industries.

During this time, new and endless sources of energy such as atomic energy, solar energy, wind energy, tidal energy, etc. were also found to replace the old ones.

Magical advances in transportation and communications such as giant supersonic aircraft, high-speed trains and other means of communication, radio broadcasting via artificial satellite systems, Magic achievements in the field of space conquest such as successfully launching the first artificial satellite of the earth, flying into space and setting foot on the moon are the achievements in the history of the Industrial Revolution. these two.

In addition, the green revolution in agriculture has made great progress in mechanization, irrigation, breeding methods, and pest control… helping many countries to overcome food shortage and hunger. prolonged.

The third industrial revolution

The third industrial revolution took place in the 1970s with the introduction of automated manufacturing based on computers, electronics and the Internet, creating a connected world.

The Third Industrial Revolution took place when advances in electronic infrastructure, computers and digitalization were triggered by the development of semiconductors, supercomputers (1960s), and computers. personal (1970s and 1980s) and the Internet (1990s).

By the end of the 20th century, this process was basically accomplished thanks to high-tech scientific achievements. Satellites, airplanes, computers, phones, Internet … are the technologies we now benefit from this revolution.